Sleep disorders can have a significant impact on a person’s overall health and quality of life. Chronic sleep deprivation can lead to a range of health problems, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease and depression. Treatment for sleep disorders typically involves lifestyle changes, medication, and/or therapy, experts say.
dr Satyanarayana Mysore, HOD and Consultant – Pulmonology, Lung Transplant Physician, Manipal Hospital Old Airport Road, said: “Bangalore is almost like a city that never sleeps and is known for professionals with a large part of IT professionals living there. Given the cosmopolitan, urban and industrial characteristics of the city, Bangaloreans, whether they are permanent residents or transient migrants, all suffer from upper airway resistance syndrome, sleep apnea, circadian sleep rhythm disorders and other sleep disorders that occur without geographical restrictions. The increased exposure to light leads to a variety of sleep problems, including insomnia, insomnia, and disruption of normal sleeping and waking times.”
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“There is an urgent need to raise awareness of these sleep disorders and to think carefully about adopting good sleep habits, such as good sleep hygiene such as dark rooms and comfortable beds for a good night’s sleep with little to no noise or disturbance,” explained Dr. Satyanarayana Mysore.
dr Vivek Anand Padegal, Chief Pulmonary Specialist, Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore, explained that by far the most common problem these days is lack of sleep, followed by habits that affect sleep quality. People don’t get enough sleep; The average sleep requirement for a restful sleep is about eight hours. “For various reasons, lack of sleep makes us wake up tired and not refreshed, which leads to various health problems later on,” he said.
Habits such as using blue light devices like phones and pads, drinking alcohol, or smoking before bed can interfere with the process of falling asleep and affect sleep quality. Shift work and different sleep times can disrupt sleep and further affect sleep quality, he explained.
“The cumulative effect of these behaviors and the added stress of modern lifestyles can lead to difficulty falling asleep – insomnia. Lack of sleep can lead to several health problems like obesity, high blood pressure, depression, metabolic syndrome to name a few. The prescription is quite simple: get at least 8 hours of sleep, try to avoid devices before bed, avoid coffee, tea and smoking towards the end of the day, exercise before bed and keep a regular sleep schedule for better sleep health and a better quality of life,” explained Dr. Vivek Anand Padegal.
dr Damodar Bindhani, Clinical Director and HOD, Pulmonology, CARE Hospitals, Bhubaneswar explains that sleep disorders are a group of conditions that disrupt normal sleep patterns and cause disturbances in a person’s ability to fall asleep, stay asleep or feel rested upon waking. “Unlike obstructive sleep apnea, which is caused by a physical blockage in the airway, central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to send the right signals to the muscles that control breathing during sleep. This can lead to periods of interrupted breathing and can lead to daytime sleepiness and other health problems,” he said.
dr Damodar Bindhani explained: “Circadian rhythm disorder is a condition that disrupts the normal sleep-wake cycle, which is regulated by the body’s internal clock. The body’s internal clock is a complex system that is affected by various factors, including exposure to light and hormones and temperature. When the body’s internal clock is disrupted, it can lead to a range of sleep problems, including difficulty falling asleep or being awake, excessive daytime sleepiness, and changes in appetite and mood.”
He further explained, “Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep attacks, and other symptoms that can significantly interfere with a person’s daily life. Narcolepsy affects approximately 1 in 2,000 people and is typically diagnosed in adolescence or young adulthood.” Dr. Bindhani added, “The main symptom of narcolepsy is excessive daytime sleepiness, which can make a person feel tired and sleepy throughout the day , regardless of how much sleep she gets at night. This can make it difficult to concentrate, work, and perform daily activities.”
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